The Government of India under the Ministry of Labour and Employment, formed The Employees' Provident Fund Organization. It administers a compulsory contributory and an Insurance Scheme. It is one of the largest social security organization in the world in terms of the number of beneficiaries and the volume of financial transactions undertaken.
Registration for an establishment is required in case where no. of employee employed is 20 or more (5 or more in case of cinema theater and 50 or more in case of cooperative society establishment working without aid of water). Those establishments which do not have the prescribed number of employees but willing to register themselves to provide the benefits of Provident Fund to their employees can register voluntarily with the Regional Provident Fund Office.